Kansas City Royals
The Royals lacked follow through in 2016 after winning the World Series the previous season. They scored 49 fewer runs while allowing 71 more runs to finish at .500 for the year. In the end, they were 13th in the American League in runs scored (675) with continued weakness in HRs (147 – 15th).
In the offseason, Kansas City lost DH Kendrys Morales who signed with the Blue Jays and SP Edinson Volquez who left to play in Miami. The Royals with be without SP Yordano Ventura who passed away in a car accident in January, which is just a brutal lost to the team and his family.
The Royals made three deals to hopefully strengthen their roster this season. CL Wade Davis was traded to the Cubs for OF Jorge Soler, which was a great deal in my opinion. Slugging ex-catcher Peter O’Brien was acquired from the Diamondbacks for minor league pitcher Sam Lewis. O’Brien should work well at DH with occasional value in the field. Speedster OF Jarrod Dyson landed in Seattle for SP Nathan Karns. They signed Jason Hammel to replace Ventura in the starting rotation.
Kansas City slipped to 9th in ERA (4.21) after ranking third in the American League in 2015 (3.74). Their bullpen finished fifth in the majors in ERA (3.45) with 31 wins, 24 losses, and 41 saves.
The core of the starting lineup lacks power while still offering upside talent at multiple positions. The development of Soler would help this team immensely in their chase to win another World Series title.
The starting rotation has one talented young arm in Danny Duffy and some question marks at the back end of the rotation.
Kelvin Herrera slides right into the closing role while offering elite upside. The arms behind him won’t match the depth the Royals had over the last couple of seasons.
There is enough talent on this roster to compete for the AL Central title.
1. OF Alex Gordon
Gordon struggled through his first 142 at bats in 2016 (.211 with four HRs, 10 RBI, and three SBs), which was an embarrassing start to the season. He landed on the DL in May with a right wrist injury. His swing was dead over June and July (.198 with three HRs and six RBI over 106 at bats). At this point of the season, it was hard to believe he only had seven HRs and 16 RBI over 248 at bats. Over the last two months of the season, Alex at least had a pulse (.239 with 10 HRs, 24 RBI, and two SBs over 197 at bats). He struggled RH (.223) and LH (.214) pitching. His lack of success was tied to sharp decline in his K rate (29.3 – 21.6 in his career) while continuing to take walks (10.3 percent). Even with his negative path. Gordon set a career high in his HR/FB rate (15.0) while improving for the fourth straight season. The Royals owe him $56 million over the next three seasons so he needs to step up his game. In his career, Alex has underachieved expectation way too many times. There’s no way he can be as bad as he was in 2016 and he has a starting opportunity. Gordon pressed at the plate with runners on base (10 percent RBI rate) in 2016 while having short RBI chances (239). I still believe he has a 20/80 skill set with a neutral batting average and some speed. Alex just needs to get his strikeouts under control. His price point will be just about free in 2017 (ADP of 312 in 15 team leagues as the 84th outfielder off the table).
2. OF Lorenzo Cain
For the second straight year, Cain posted a strong RBI rate (18), which supported him as a third hitter in the Royals lineup. After a spike in his AVH (1.556) in 2015, it drifted back in 2016 (1.421). This one stat does restrict his upside in power. In addition, his CTBA (.364) faded for the season straight year. If Lorenzo played a full season last year, he was on pace for an 80/15/70/20 season. His swing path tends to deliver a low volume of fly balls (29.9 percent in his career). His HR/FB rate (9.5) remains in a weak area for a hitter hitting in a premium part of the batting order, but it was over his career average (8.0) for the season straight season (11.2 in 2015). Cain was very good against lefties (.371 with three HRs and 15 RBI over 89 at bats). He struggled in April (.220 with two HRs, eight RBI, and two SBs over 82 at bats) before having a correction month in May (.294 with six HRs, 25 RBI, and four SBs over 111 at bats). His success was short lived after coming up empty in June (.280 with no HRs and six RBI over 93 at bats). Lorenzo landed on the DL in late June due a hamstring injury. His bat only delivered one HR with 17 RBI in August over 102 at bats. His season ended in September because of a lingering wrist injury. His K rate (19.4) fell in line with his career resume with a slight step up in his walk rate (7.1). Cain didn’t need surgery and he's expected to be ready for spring training. More of a tweener in the Fantasy market as he could fall short in multiple categories if his game doesn’t improve. I view him as a OF3 in 15 leagues with a 15/20 skill set.
3. 1B Eric Hosmer
Hosmer finally reached the 25/100 plateau Fantasy owners hoped after his great rookie campaign in 2011 (.293 with 19 HRs, 78 RBI, and 11 SBs over 523 at bats). Even with a step up in success, his approach at the plate did regress leading to a career high K rate (19.8) and a slight step back in walk rate (8.6). As exciting as his bump in power may appear, his swing path remains in a weak area for power. Last year Eric had a career high ground ball rate (58.9) with a short FB rate (24.7). His progression in HRs was a result of a step forward in his HR/FB rate (21.4). Hosmer did add length to his hits (AVH – 1.627) for a second straight year. His RBI rate (20) was the best of his career. Eric struggled against lefties (.233) while being productive in HRs (8) and RBI (40) over 202 at bats. Most of his production came in May (seven HRs and 27 RBI), August (four HRs and 22 RBI), and September (six HRs and 24 RBI). Even with success over the last two months of the season, Hosmer only hit .228. Overall, he clearly improved as an RBI man with a bump in his power stroke. When he failed, Eric rolled over on too many ground balls. Mixed emotion here. He had upside talent with enough size to produce more power. To make an impact, Hosmer needs to get his fly ball rate to about 35 percent, which seems like a tall task. At age 27, he’s reaching the prime of his career. Next step: .280 with 90 runs, 25 HRs, 90 RBI, and some value in speed.
4. 3B Mike Moustakas
Moustakas flashed upside in power (7) over his first 104 at bats in 2016 before blowing out his right ACL in late May. Mike also missed about two and half weeks with a broken thumb. His K rate (11.5) was on pace to set a career best with four straight years of improvement plus an improving walk rate (8.0). His batting average has had risk in most seasons due to a low CTBA (.275 BAA) after showing growth in this area in 2015 (.330). This how Moustakas looked headed into 2016: Kansas City had enough confidence in Moustakas's upside to bat him second in the batting order for 94 games in 2015 (.280 with 10 HRs, 40 RBI, and one SB in 364 at bats). His success was driven by a much higher contact batting average (.330) leading to growth in his RBI rate (18). His K rate (12.4) was a career low while his walk rate (7.0) fell in line with 2014, but it remained below the league average. His bat was a slight edge vs. lefties (.282 with 10 HRs and 35 RBI in 206 at bats) and righties (.286 with 12 HRs and 47 RBI in 343 at bats). He hit over .280 in every month except July (.188 with three HRs and eight RBI in 85 at bats). His swing path has become more balanced over the last two years, but his HR/FB rate (11.2 - career high) still ranks well below the best home run hitters in the game. In his short career, Moustakas has six career postseason HRs in 117 at bats. Developing skill set with a strong minor league resume (.284 with 85 HRs, 340 RBI, and 21 SBs in 1767 at bats) pointing to more upside in power. His bat has enough strength to hit in the middle of the Royals lineup. Possible .300 batting average with 30 HRs and 100 RBI with a middle of the lineup opportunity and growth his HR/FB rate. I like his direction, but I’d like to see better success in hits when making contact. His HR/FB rate jumped to 19.4 in after setting a career high in 2015 (11.2). The Royals believe he will be a healthy for spring training. Solid value at 3B with an ADP of 201 in the early draft season.
5. OF Jorge Soler
For the second straight season, Soler failed to live up to Fantasy owner’s expectations. Jorge did shave off a few strikeouts (25.0 percent – 30.0 in 2015) while taking plenty of walks (11.7 percent). His swing lost value against righties (.224 with eight HRs and 21 RBI over 152 at bats). He flashed upside in limited at bats (62) in August (.306 with five HRs and 14 RBI). Soler landed on the DL in June with a hamstring injury that cost him two months of action. In September, Jorge battled a toe and side issue that lowered his chance for at bats. He changed his swing path in 2016 leading to a jump in his FB rate (43.3 – career high) while his HR/FB rate (16.9) moved into a stronger area. Soler hit .295 over parts of five seasons in the minors with 28 HRs, 120 RBI, and 17 SBs over 594 at bats. The Cubs had too many options in the outfield last year, which made it tough for Soler to find his rhythm. His swing should offer much higher upside with 550 at bats. Prior to 2016, his CTBA was in a favorable area. His floor should be .280 with 20 HRs and 80 RBI and he may emerge as the Royals cleanup hitter. I expect a breakout season. Jorge had a much lower K rate (18.2) in the minors.
6. OF Brandon Moss
Moss continues to strike out at high rate (30.4) with some fade in the walk rate (8.4). His AVH (2.151) has ranked near the top of the league over the last few seasons while his CTBA (.342) remains in a tight range. Brandon hit 25 of his 28 HRs off of righties, but struggled against both RH (.223) and LH (.232) pitching. Moss played well in June (.333 with eight HRs and 15 RBI over 72 at bats) and August (.272 with eight HRs and 21 RBI over 103). He missed most of July with a sprained ankle. His season ended on a down note in September (9-for-91 with three HRs and six RBI). Brandon had a career high fly ball rate (52.6) plus he posted his second highest HR/FB rate (19.4). If you’re shopping for backend low average power, Moss should see most of the action against righties.
7. C Salvador Perez
Perez lost his way at the plate in 2016, which led to a spike in his K rate (21.8 – 14.8 in his career) while offering no upside in walks (4.0 percent walk rate). He changed his swing path to produce the most fly balls (47.1 percent – 37.6 in his career). Even with more balls hit to the outfield in the air, Salvador had a slight downtick in his HR/FB rate (11.8). He had the identical struggles against RH and LH pitching (.247). Over the first three months of the season, Perez hit .289 with 12 HRs and 37 RBI over 256 at bats. Pitcher figured him out over the second half of the year (.205 with 10 HRs and 27 RBI over 258 at bats). His resume over the last four years paints him as a 20/70 hitter with a neutral batting average. His quest for more power does invite failure in batting average. Nice backend catcher with more upside in HRs while just reaching the prime of his career. Possible 30 HRs if he continues to produce a high FB rate. Let’s call him Gary Sanchez with a resume.
8. 2B Cheslor Cuthbert
Cuthbert did a reasonable job as the cover to Mike Moustakas in 2016. He had a K rate (18.8) and walk rate (6.3) that fell just below the league average in both areas. His best success came against lefties (.320 with three HRs and 10 RBI over 122 at bats). After a quiet May (.253 with one HR and five RBI over 79 at bats), Cheslor did an excellent job in May (.283 with six HR and 15 RBI over 92 at bats). His batting average was an asset in June (.340) with minimal production (two HRs and 13 RBI over 94 at bats). Over the last two months of the season, he delivered less than replacement value stats (.248 with three HRs and 13 RBI over 210 at bats). Over seven years in the minors, he hit .262 with 56 HRs, 327 RBI, and 31 SBs over 2301 at bats. His bat would make more sense at second base. Boring player with possibly a 15/60 skill set with a full season of action. His best chance for at bats will be at DH. Cuthbert will have a tough time getting 300 at bats in 2017 without a step forward in his game.
9. SS Alcides Escobar
Escobar still doesn’t have the skill set to hit at the top of the batting order, but the Royals may choose to use him there again in 2017 due to lack of options. Alcides has a low K rate (13.2 in his career) with no upside in walks (4.1), which puts him in a similar position with Billy Burns expect Burns has more speed and he did show the ability to take a walk in the minors. His CTBA (.307) has been short in his last four years. He did have a bump in his AVH (1.343) while remaining in Judy status even a career high in HRs (7). Escobar struggled against lefties (.222) with below average value in both halves of the season (.261/.260). His bat was much more productive over the last two months of 2016 (.271 with six HRs, 29 RBI, and three SBs). The Royals gave him 343 at bats from the leadoff position in the batting order (.242 with one HR and 23 RBI). Escobar was at his best when hitting seventh (.304 with four HRs and nine RBI over 92 at bats) and eighth (.286 with one HR and RBI over 126 at bats). His swing path delivers a ton of ground balls (49.9 percent – 48.4 in his career) leading to a short HR/FB rate (4.3). The days of hoping for 30+ steals appear to be over after two subpar seasons (17 in both 2014 and 2015). A bottom of the order hitter with a 5/50/20 skill set, which paints him as a bench player in deep leagues. On the positive, Alcides does play just about every day.
BN. OF Billy Burns
Burns lost his way in 2016 leading to a bust season and job loss. His CTBA (.266) had a huge drop in value even with some growth in his K rate (11.1). His lack of walks (3.0 percent) crushes his chance at batting at the top of the batting order long term. Over six seasons in the minors, Billy hit .288 with two HRs, 131 RBI, and 188 SBs over 1559 at bats. His walk rate (11.5) offered more upside in the minors with a low K rate (14.1). His best and only value is his ability to steal a high volume of bases. Burns will be the new and improved Jarrod Dyson on the Royals while offering a higher skill set where he could start if his game returns to his 2015 form with the A’s. Billy is a high-volume ground ball hitter (53.2 percent in 2016) with no upside in power. From a Fantasy perspective, Burns will be a nice base stealer in waiting on the bench with right team structure in deep leagues. I expect him to be the fourth outfielder for Kansas City with a chance at 400 at bats and 35+ steals.
BN: 2B Raul Mondesi
Over five years in the minors, Mondesi hit .249 with 31 HRs, 173 RBI, and 95 SBs over 1637 at bats. This path suggests he’ll be a 10/30 player with a full season of at bats in the majors. His downside side for at bats in the majors is a high K rate (25.0), which is way too high for a player with his skill set. Raul has short walk rate (6.1) as well. In the majors in 2016, he struck out 32.2 percent of the time. His speed is intriguing, but his bat isn’t ready to be in the starting lineup every day in the majors. His Father was a solid major league player and Raul is only 21 so he should improve with more experience. I’d leave this club in the bag in 2017.
BN: OF Peter O'Brien
The Royals acquired O’Brien over the winter to compete for at bats at DH. He came through the Diamondbacks system as catcher, but his lack of defense left him scrambling for another position to find at bats at the major-league level. Peter hit .269 over five seasons in the minors with 116 HRs and 386 RBI over 1954 at bats. There’s no doubt he has 30+ HR upside as long as he doesn’t whiff his way out of the starting lineup. In the minors, O’Brien struck out 27.2 percent of the time compared to 40.5 percent over 79 plate appearance in the majors. His walk rate (5.9) projects to be below average. Intriguing power with a swing and miss approach. The move to the AL will give him a chance to offer flash power when he’s making contact.
C Drew Butera – In 2016, Butera played his best ball of his career with the Royals. He hit .285 with four HRs and 16 RBI over 123 at bats. Over seven seasons in the majors, Drew has a .198 batting average with 13 HRs and 76 RBI over 897 at bats. No upside in skill set or player time.
IF Whit Merrifield – Over seven seasons in the minors, Whit hit .273 with 43 HRs, 265 RBI, and 142 SBs over 2762 at bats. When given full time at bats in the majors in May and June, Merrifield hit .306 with two HRs, 16 RBI, and five SBs. He hits his way to the bench in July (.170 with no HRs and three RBI over 53 at bats) leading to a trip back to the minors. Whit played well again for the Royals in September (.307 with no HRs, 12 RBI, and three SBs. In the mix for sure at bats at second base. Merrifield handled lefties (.351), but he did finish with a higher than expected K rate (21.7 – 15.4 in the minors). Possible 10/30 skill set with a more stable approach than young Raul Mondesi.
OF Paulo Orlando – With close to starting at bats for a good portion of the season in 2016, Orlando hit .302 with five HRs, 43 RBI, and 14 SBs over 457 at bats. He had success against both RH (.300) and LH (.307) pitching while playing his best ball at home (.331). His bat had the most value in September (.300 with one HR, 15 RBI, and three SBs over 100 at bats. Paulo tends to be a free swing leading to a low walk rate (2.7) with just above the league average K rate (21.7). Over ten seasons in the minors, Orlando hit .275 with 66 HRs, 431 RBI, and 209 SBs over 3896 at bats. He’ll battle Billy Burns for the fourth outfield job with a chance to see at bats at DH.
OF Jorge Bonifacio – Last year Jorge hit .277 at AAA with 19 HRs, 86 RBI, and six SBs over 495 at bats, which was his best success over his seven-year minor league career. He has a .267 batting average with 62 HRs, 389 RBI, and 45 SBs over 2700 at bats. His K rate (21.6) is slightly above the league average with league average walk rate (8.6). May emerge as an option at DH.
1. SP Danny Duffy
http://www.scout.com/fantasy/story/1746727-2017-fantasy-baseball-ronis-n...Duffy made a nice step forward in 2016 thanks to an elite fastball (95.5) and the best command of his career (2.1 walks per nine). His season started with him in the bullpen (3.00 ERA over 18 innings with 21 Ks). The Royals moved him into the starting rotation in mid-May leading to electric results over his first 19 starts (2.61 ERA and .978 WHIP with 126 Ks in 120.2 innings). His arm lost value over his last seven starts of the year (6.37 ERA and 1.585 WHIP). Over his last 41 innings, Danny allowed 12 HRs compared to 15 over his previous 120.2 innings. Lefties had a tough time hitting him (.183 with 38 Ks in 109 at bats). Duffy will give up fly balls (42.8 in 2016), which led to a career-high HR/FB rate (13.0). Batters struggled against his changeup (.181 BAA) and slider (.212 BAA) while his fastball offered an edge (.234 BAA). His failure came with his sinker (.338 with a .632 SLG). Kansas City rewarded his growth with a five-year $65 million contract in January. Danny did have success in 2014 (2.53 ERA) with weaker command (3.2 walk rate). His short resume of elite success could be a trap. Duffy has high upside, but he needs to prove he can pitch over 200 innings. His minor-league resume (2.87 ERA with 508 Ks over 433 innings) does support his step forward in his K ability. He’ll be drafted as a SP2 in 2017 while offering ace upside with continued strength in his command. Next step: sub 3.00 ERA with 200+ Ks.
2. SP Ian Kennedy
Ian pitched at a high level in April and May (3.03 ERA) with some struggles with his command in May (14 walks over 33.1 innings). His arm imploded in June and July (5.37 ERA) when he allowed an incredible 18 HRs over 62 innings (2.6 per nine). Kennedy rebounded with strong August (3-0 with a 1.86 ERA) and serviceable September (3.79 ERA). In the end, his ERA (3.68) was his third-lowest total of his career. Ian had a K rate (8.5) and walk rate (3.0) that fell in line with his career resume. Both righties (17) and lefties (16) beat him for HRs while his arm had the most value vs. LH batters (.224). His AFB (92.8) was the best of his career with batters only hitting .221 against his four-seamer. His secondary stuff won’t put him over the top with a diminished fastball. Batters hit .243 against his changeup, .260 vs. his curveball, and .405 against his cutter. Kennedy changed his approach to hitters in 2016. He became a fly ball pitcher (47.3 percent – 41.5 in his career) with a high HR/FB rate (12.8). Decent major league resume (3.94 ERA with 1324 Ks over 1430.1 innings), but he has plenty of disaster risk with HRs especially with a step back in his command. My gut tells me to stay away as there could be plenty crooked numbers in 2017.
3. SP Nate Karns
Over his first 10 starts with Seattle, Karns had a 3.43 ERA with 57 Ks over 57.2 innings. He lost his command in June (18 walks in 25.1 innings) leading to a disaster month (6.75 ERA and 1.776 WHIP). Nate pitched in the bullpen in July with poor results (13 runs and 20 base runners allowed over 11.1 innings). He landed on the DL with a back injury that cost him the rest of the season. This issue could have been the reason for his failed couple of months. Karns had success against lefties (.206) while failing against RH batters (.305). His K rate (9.6) was a step up from 2015 (8.9) with a poor walk rate (4.3). His AFB (93.7) was better than 2014 (92.9). Nate had the most success with his curveball (.222 BAA) while struggling with his four-seam fastball (.313 with a .540 SLG). Over four seasons in the minors, he had a 33-12 record with a 3.45 ERA and 515 Ks over 449.1 innings. The key to his success will be better command something he lacked in the minors (3.8 per nine). Backend flier with upside if his back was truly the reason for his struggles in 2017.
4. SP Jason Vargas
Over the last two years, Vargas has made only 12 starts in the majors due to TJ surgery in July of 2015. Over three starts with limited innings with Royals in 2016, Jason had a 2.25 ERA with 11 Ks in 12 innings. His AFB (86.6) was a career low and 1.5 mph less than 2015. His best pitch in 2016 was his changeup (.174 BAA) with batters crushing his sinker (.364 with a .636 SLG). In his three starts with Kansas City, he had a 3.68 ERA with 166 Ks over 242 innings. Veteran arm with no upside in Ks while showing solid command (2.6 walk rate). Boring type arm that can have value in deep leagues with the idea of being used in favorable double start weeks. His sliding fastball does invite disaster risk.
5. SP Matt Strahm
Strahm was a slow mover in the Royals’ system due to TJ surgery in 2013. Last season in his first shot at starting for a full season in the minors over 18 starts (22 games), Matt had 3.43 ERA with 107 Ks over 102.1 innings. He had the best walk rate (2.0) of his career at AA, but his K rate (9.4) was a career low. Over four seasons in the minors, he had 3.29 ERA with 297 Ks over 246 innings. His arm was dominated out of the bullpen in majors (1.23 ERA with 30 Ks in 22 innings) even with a huge step back in his command (4.5 walks per nine). His AFB (93.8) was just above league average with batters hitting .188 against it. Hitters also had a tough time against his changeup (.125 BAA) and curveball (.214 BAA). Player to watch this spring, but his lack of command may lead to some struggled early in his major-league career in the starting rotation. He’s never pitched an inning at AAA.
6. SP Eric Skoglund
Over 2+ seasons in the minors, Skoglund has a 3.62 ERA with 225 Ks over 263.2 innings. Eric has excellent command (2.0 walk rate). Eric pitched his best ball of his young career at AA in 2016 (3.45 ERA with 134 Ks over 156.1 innings. Second tier prospect who will start the year at AAA. He has low 90s fastball plus a curveball and changeup that have a chance to grade above the league average.
Herrera has become the Royals closer in 2017 with Wade Davis shipped to the Cubs. His arm was electric over the first five months of 2016 (1.77 ERA with 75 Ks over 61 innings). His gain was due to only eight walks allowed over this period. His arm lost all value in September (10 runs and 17 base runners over 11 innings with 11 Ks). Kelvin had success against both RH (.223 BAA) and LH (.206 BAA). His AFB (97.8) remains elite while stepping back slightly from 2015 (98.8). His velocity did fade over the last three months of the year. Batter struggled against his four-seam (.233 BAA), changeup (.158 BAA), slider (.133 BAA), and curveball (.212 BAA). His struggles in September was due to his location of his four-seam fastball (.350 BAA and .550 SLG). Over six years in the majors, Herrera has a 2.63 ERA with 360 Ks over 356.1 innings. Attractive closing option with his growth in 2016 tied to a huge step up in his walk rate (1.5 – 2.7 in his career). Excellent chance at 40+ saves with an edge in ERA and WHIP.
RP Joakim Soria
Soria struggled in 2016 due to regression in his command (3.6 walk rate) and continued failure in his HR rate (1.4). Joakim had no answer against righties (.297 with eight HRs allowed over 128 at bats). His season started with a disaster April (5.73 ERA and 1.818 WHIP). He found his rhythm in May and June (2.08 ERA) with success as well in August (2.70 ERA). Soria ran off the tracks in July (9.00 ERA) and September (5.79 ERA). His AFB (93.2) was the best of his career, but batters hit .321 BAA against it. His changeup (.163 BAA) and curveball (.158 BAA) held value while his slider was crushed most of the time (.462 with a .885 SLG). Long career in the majors with closing experience. Joakim needs to throw more strikes to take advantage of his secondary stuff.
RP Brian Flynn
Flynn threw the ball well in the bullpen for the Royals in 2016 (2.60 ERA with 44 Ks over 55.1 innings). His walk rate (3.7) has risk while restricting the upside of his strikeouts (7.2). Over six years in the minors while making 96 starts, Brian had a 3.47 ERA with 456 Ks over 544.1 innings. He’s pitched well over four different seasons at AAA (3.40 ERA with 255 Ks over 301.2 innings). His AFB (93.4) was a slight step up for his brief experience in the majors in 2012 (92.7) and 2013 (91.4). Batters struggled against his four-seam fastball (.200 BAA) with about league average success against his sinker (.250 BAA) and slider (.264 BAA). No chance at closing. He’ll battle Matt Strahm for both a starting role and the top lefty arm in the bullpen.
Baseball America Prospect Handbook. (n.d.).
Baseball-Reference. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.baseball-reference.com/
Brooksbaseball.net. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.brooksbaseball.net/
Fangraphs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.fangraphs.com/
Roster Resource. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.rosterresource.com/mlb
Rotowire. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.rotowire.com/
RotoWorld. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.rotoworld.com/
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