Hens and chicks form a dense mat composed of fleshy-leafed rosettes (the "hens") and surrounding small rosettes that grow at the tips of short runners produced by the hens (the "chicks").
When rosettes are several years old, they may flower, with the center of the rosette suddenly elongating into a tall stem topped with clusters of starry pink or purple flowers. Individual rosettes die after flowering, but surrounding chicks will fill in. Hens and chicks tolerate hot, dry, rocky locations and make a unique accent in rock gardens, stone walls and trough gardens.
common name: Hens and chicks, houseleek
botanical name: Sempervivum tectorum
plant type: Succulent perennial
zones: 4 to 8
height: 3 to 6 inches
- sun: Full sun
- soil: Loose, gravelly soil with average or poor fertility
- moisture: Average to dry; must be well drained all year
- mulch: None, or a thin layer of gravel or grit
- pruning: Remove dead hens after they flower
- fertilizer: None
pests and diseases
- Root and basal rots are possible in overly wet conditions.
- ‘Oddity' has unusual quill-like rolled leaves with purple tips.
- ‘Royanum' produces especially large rosettes with light green leaves tipped in red.
- ‘Sunset' has light green leaves blushed with shades of red and orange.
all in the family
- There are about 40 species of Sempervivum. They tend to cross readily, and there are many hybrid cultivars available.
- Sempervivum is a member of the stonecrop family (Crassulaceae), an interesting group of succulent plants that have a specialized form of photosynthesis.
- Other stonecrop family members often grown as houseplants or in gardens include sedums, kalanchoe and jade plant.
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