Jade plant has a rounded shape, with a thick trunk and many side branches. Its fleshy, oval leaves are glossy jade-green color. Outdoors, jade plant bears clusters of small, starry, white or light pink flowers in late winter or spring. But when grown as a houseplant, it tends to flower sparsely or not at all. With a little care, jade plant can be quite long-lived and grow to an impressive size, even as a houseplant.
Common name: Jade plant
Botanical name: Crassula ovata
Plant type: Succulent shrub, mostly grown as a houseplant
Zones: 11 to 12 outdoors; anywhere indoors
Height: 2 to 4 feet
- Sun: Bright, sunny window.
- Soil: Well-drained houseplant or cactus potting mixes
- Moisture: Average to dry; avoid overwatering
- Mulch: None
- Pruning: Cut back branch tips to shape plant and reduce size.
- Fertilizer: Apply diluted soluble fertilizer every month or two from spring to fall; reduce or eliminate fertilizer in winter.
- Root individual leaves or stem cuttings.
Pests and diseases
- Root and stem rot may develop if soil is too wet.
- ‘Variegata’ has green and white streaked foliage.
- ‘Gollum’ has oddly shaped, nearly tubular leaves.
- Its treelike form makes jade plant popular for indoor bonsai creations.
- Wide but shallow clay pots are ideal for jade plants; they help prevent overly wet soil and provide stability for these top-heavy plants.
- Jade plant is super-easy to propagate; it can grow roots not only from stem cuttings but even from the base of a single leaf.
All in the family
- Jade plant is a member of the stonecrop family (Crassulaceae), an interesting group of succulent plants that have a specialized form of photosynthesis.
- Other stonecrop family members often grown as houseplants or in gardens include sedum (Sedum spp.), kalanchoe (Kalanchoe spp.), and hens-and-chicks (Sempervivum spp.)
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