The Dolphins will hold a press conference at 7 p.m. ET Friday to announce Cameron's hiring.
It is believed that Cameron was chosen over Georgia Tech head coach and former Dolphins offensive coordinator Chan Gailey. The two were among the handful of candidates who were brought to Miami for a second interview.
The hiring of Cameron is a change for the Dolphins, whose previous head coaches all came to the team with defensive backgrounds.
Cameron, on the other hand, was a college quarterback at Indiana and spent the last five seasons as the Chargers' offensive coordinator.
Under Cameron's tutelage and guidance, the Chargers set a franchise record with 592 points this season.
Cameron also spent time as the Washington Redskins quarterbacks coach, and it was under his tutelage that Gus Frerotte made the Pro Bowl in 1996.
Between his stints in Washington and San Diego, Cameron spent five seasons at head coach at Indiana, where he compiled an 18-37 record. Of course, it's not as though the Hoosiers have ever been a football powerhouse, so Cameron still was considered a hot coaching commodity this offseason despite that less-than-stellar record.
Besides Indiana, Cameron's only college coaching experience was at the University of Michigan, where he served as graduate assistant, wide receivers coach and quarterbacks coach from 1984 through 1993.